UGC regulations notified for setting M.Phil and Ph.D.
standards appeared on one hands to be appropriate for maintaining
standards across the colleges and universities but created furor
amongst the job seekers and those who were already in job and
pursuing higher education. After lot of deliberations apex
body approved new regulations to make criteria uniform throughout
the country by setting some new standards for all the aspirants and
institutions. UGC through its regulation 2009 published in the “The
Gazette of India” on July 11, 2009, has set the minimum standards
for admission procedure, allocation of M. Phil and Ph.D. students
to the supervisor and minimum number of students admitted to these
Salients features are
- M. Phil and Ph. D. programs cannot be conducted by any UGC
affiliated institution through distance education mode.
- Universities/institution will decide the criteria for the
faculty to act as an supervisor, predetermine the number of
students to be admitted for admission to M.Phil and Ph.D. every
year and conduct admission tests on regular basis.
- These institutes/universities will have to publish the number
of seats in the advertisements or on university websites.
- As per the new regulation, a supervisor can have only eight
Ph.D. and five M. Phil. Students at any point of time.
- An entrance test followed by an interview has to be
conducted at individual university/institution for admission to
- Separate terms and conditions may be decided by the individual
institutions for candidates who have qualified
UGC/CSIR(JRF)/SLET/teacher fellowship/GATE or have passed entrance
tests for M.Phil/Ph.D.
- In the interview, candidates may discuss their research
interests. The allocation of supervisor will be done in a formal
manner by the department based on the research interests of
student, specialization of the faculty and in no case will be left
to the student or teacher to decide on their own choice.
- All the admitted students have to undergo the course work of
minimum one semester duration related to methodology of research
work or review of literature. However, the course work may be
carried out either within the institution or outside of it.
- Institutes may also decide the minimum qualifying requirements
for doctoral students to proceed further before writing the
- Each student has to make a presentation in the department
before submission of the thesis and incorporate all the suggestions
in consultation with supervisor.
- Each student has to publish one research paper in a referred
journal before submission of the thesis.
- Thesis so submitted will be evaluated by two examiners. Of
these two experts, at least one shall be from outside the
- Institute or university, if interested, may have one examiner
from outside the country.
- Students have to defend their thesis openly after receiving
satisfactory reports from the examiners.
- Once the degree is awarded, concerned institute shall submit a
soft copy of the M.Phil/Ph. D. thesis to the UGC within thirty days
of the award.
- UGC will make the thesis available to all institutions by
hosting the same in INFLIBNET.
- Either National Eligibility Test (NET) or State Level
Eligibility Test (SLET) was made mandatory to clear for
M.Phil/Ph.D. holders to become eligible for appointment as college
or university teacher.However, Ph.D. holders who had obtained their
doctorate under tough quality standards or employed were exempted
from clearing NET/SLET. Those who were pursuing Ph.D. deviating
from the minimum standards of the UGC need to qualify the
As per the reliable sources, NET
is likely to be dispensed with for all Ph.D. holders irrespective
of quality of their degree.